Marshall Islands Stick Charts
The Marshall Island stick charts represent a unique and non-Western tradition of mapmaking. Whereas Western maps generally attempt to capture and visualize distance and space, the charts of the Marshallese dwelt not just on general direction, with shells representing nearby islands, but, more importantly, ocean currents and swell movements. This information was crucial in a region where water travel by canoe was the central means of mobility and commerce among island chains. These stick charts illustrate the ways in which mapmaking depends largely on the context and needs of the mapmakers themselves.
Archaeological Institute of America [https://www.archaeology.org/issues/337-1905/features/7551-maps-marshall-... and the Library of Congress [https://www.loc.gov/resource/g9461p.ct003132/?r=-0.696,-0.037,2.393,1.03....